Szu-Hua Wang, Chinese Culture University, Taipei, Taiwan

Shu-Li Huang, National Taipei University, Taipei, Taiwan

Presentation Title: Synergies and trade-offs of urban spatial planning in mitigating and adapting to climate change in Taiwan.




The institutional framework and planning outcomes of Taipei and Kaohsiung City were examined in the context of spatial planning. This presentation discussed the trade-offs and synergies among spatial planning-related strategies to cope with climate change in terms of both mitigation and adaptation.

Key Lessons Learned

  • Urban spatial planning in Taipei and Kaohsiung has not played a role in either mitigating or adapting to climate change.
  • CO2 emissions in both cities have continued to increase with urban development.
  • The allocation of urban land use and green infrastructure often does not consider how to minimize the impacts from extreme weather events.

Knowledge Gaps and Needs

  • Climate change issues spread across many disciplines, requiring urban planning to function as an over arching platform to integrate issues and strategies from these different sectors.
  • Future research must develop methodologies at the local level to analyze synergies and trade-offs between mitigation and adaptation, and to help assess and prioritize the cost-effectiveness of different strategies.

Policy/Practice Implications of Research

  • Urban spatial planning must overcome current institutional barriers and incorporate strategies at different spatial and temporal scales during the planning process, in order to reduce CO2 emissions and minimize impacts from extreme events.
  • Trade-offs between strategies for mitigation and adaptation should be included in plan evaluation and should incorporate viewpoints of different stakeholders.


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